June 25, 2010

Department of Insurance Slams Consumer Direct Warranty Services for Unlicensed Sale of Insurance

Dilbert taps into consumer frustration with the comic strip posted below. Call it wry humor. But the California Department of Insurance doesn't think consumer fraud is funny. Whether they are referred to as "service contracts," "extended warranties" or "mechanical breakdown insurance," vehicle repair agreements are a big profit center for new and used car dealers. Telemarketers or internet schemes may tout them as well. Often such contracts are unnecessary. Even illusory. Some of these products are legal, but many are not. In the midst of a slick sales pitch, almost no one reads the prolix printed warranty form. That is a mistake Dilbert's "confusopoly consultant" wants you to make. Now the Department of Insurance is clamping down.

For many years, car dealers have claimed that these after-market products do not qualify as insurance and they do not have to be licensed to sell them. That may change. On June 17, 2010, the California Department of Insurance issued a Cease and Desist order against Consumer Direct Warranty Services and related entities. You can read the Department's full press release here.

Some dealer service contracts fall within an exception to the insurance rules. However, in order to exploit that loophole, car dealers must follow certain procedures, have back-up insurance, provide cancellation rights and comply with other regulations.

"If you want to sell insurance in California, you must obtain a license, have adequate financial reserves and you must not deceive consumers," said Commissioner Poizner. "In order to protect California consumers, there are specific requirements for insurance companies seeking to do business in California. If companies do not abide by these requirements, they will not be permitted to sell insurance in our state."

The Insurance commissioner's website goes a step further to promote consumer protection. Check out its "Guide to Auto Service Contracts and Agreements" here. If you have purchased a service contract or extended warranty that does not comply with these rules, contact us even before your car breaks down.

June 24, 2010

NCLC Consumer Resources

nclc_logo.jpg The National Consumer Law Center just launched a new website. Check it out here. The nonprofit center, headquartered in Boston, has been a premier source of assistance for consumers, legal services and consumer lawyers for decades.

Its new website provides information on NCLC's recent reports, numerous publications and current initiatives. Among other things, NCLC publishes reports on scams and predatory trends in consumer transactions, manuals and treatises on a wide variety of legal topics affecting consumers, as well as other books for lawyers and the public alike.Return%20to%20Sender.JPG NCLC is the publisher of "Return to Sender - Getting a Replacement for Your Lemon Car" by Nancy Barron.

In addition to its publications, NCLC funds research, legal conferences and consumer education programs on a wide range of important consumer topics -- from automotive fraud and warranty law, to financial abuse of the elderly, energy policy, student loans, and predatory lending.

Kemnitzer, Barron & Krieg is actively involved in the work of NCLC. Bryan Kemnitzer is a member of the partner's council and Nancy Barron currently serves on its board of directors.

June 11, 2010

Car Dealers Fear Financial Reform

Finance reform has been bumped from front page news by international incidents and the catastrophic BP oil spill. But even as public attention has shifted elsewhere, the National Automobile Dealers Association (NADA) has not lost its focus on Washington. They are lobbying hard against legislation aimed at improving consumer protection. Why?

sleazy-salesman-thumb.jpgThe landmark financial reform package that is working its way through Congress would greatly improve financial oversight of lenders. This means a wide variety of entities who share in the business of lending money, not just banks. After the House and Senate passed different versions of the bills, lawmakers from both bodies are in the process of reconciling the two versions. The battle is drawn, because the House passed a bill that exempted car dealers from financial reform, but a similar amendment failed in the Senate.

The outcome of this process will greatly affect the way cars are sold in coming years. NADA is lobbying for its car dealers to be exempt from financial regulation, and is trying hard to persuade committee members that dealers don't get involved in car loans. Nothing could be further from the truth. As Paul Wiseman of USA Today reports, "auto dealerships originate 79% of auto loans and leases." He goes on to quote the non-partisan Cambridge Winter Center for Financial Institutions Policy as concluding "that auto finance is demonstrably susceptible to unfair and deceptive practices." You can read USA Today's article here.

The argument made by car dealers that they are all small mom & pop shops is also far-fetched. While many are indeed locally owned, thousands of dealerships are controlled by mega-dealers like AutoNation whose 100+ stores have reportedly sold more than 7,000,000 cars. These multi-state conglomerates keep a short leash on customer finance through their tightly controlled on site dealer finance departments and preferred lender programs which direct dealer-arranged financing to a handful of financial institutions.

Just this week, the trade publication, Automotive News reported NADA to be particularly concerned that the proposed consumer financial protection agency would have scrutiny over sale of service contracts and aftermarket items. As we have often discussed on this blog (click on "Shopping for Car Loans") regulation of dealer finance departments is long overdue.

April 10, 2010

Consumer Literacy - A Case for Doing the Numbers

We are bombarded daily with advertisements for new cars, used cars, leased cars, rental cars, sales, auctions and swaps. When you can’t tell the “no-down” from the “low-down,” I say it’s time to slow down. Do the math. Don’t cringe! The fact is things cost money. And money is all about numbers.

Any time you are not paying cash, you need a calculator or a clear head for something called “credit math.” You are buying two separate things: (1) the wheels and steel you will drive off the lot and (2) the money you need to pay for it. Each of these two things makes a profit for someone, and their profit comes out of your pocket. Subtraction and addition, in other words. Throw in some multiplication and division, fractions and percents. Those are the basic functions of credit math.910922_calculator.jpg

The mathematical relationship between buyer, seller, lender and borrower is the very crux of our economy. And, at its most basic, a fundamental failure of that relationship is what set off the global economic crisis. Bankers and brokers took advantage of the fact that, in layer after layer of transactions, the person signing the documents had no clue what they meant but assumed that someone, somewhere did. Financial illiteracy got us into this mess.

Consumer literacy should be a matter of national security. All Americans should know how to ask - and get answers to - questions that affect financial health: Can I really afford this loan? What is the difference between credit and debit, or debit and debt? What is my interest rate? What’s an APR? When should I pay cash? Why do I owe this late fee? What factors go into a credit score? How do I protect against identity theft?

Finally, consumer literacy is getting some attention. An article in today's New York Times laments the dearth of financial skills training in standard curriculum. It will be a long time before budget-strapped high schools offer such courses, but there is some evidence that money matters are creeping into the classroom. The National Endowment for Financial Education has produced a number of programs for use in schools. One useful tool mentioned in the NYT piece can be accessed online here While it is billed as “40 Money Management Tips Every College Student Should Know,” there is plenty of good advice for all of us.

March 16, 2010

Kemnitzer, Barron & Krieg Launches New Website

Kemnitzer, Barron & Krieg LLP, the host of this California Lemon Law Blog, has just launched a new website with a Q&A section on a variety of consumer protection areas, ongoing consumer alerts, attorney biographies, internet resources, a bibliography and contact links. Check it out here

The firm represents consumers throughout California and has, to date, filed cases in 34 separate California counties. Bryan Kemnitzer, Nancy Barron and Bill Krieg have a combined 99 years experience as trial attorneys fighting to protect consumer rights.

Supported by a dedicated staff, attorneys in the firm have taken individual and class action cases to trial, obtaining verdicts and judgments that include punitive damages and civil penalties. On the other hand, the vast majority of cases settle prior to trial. In settlement, Kemnitzer, Barron & Krieg have obtained debt relief exceeding $300 million, as well as thousands of new car replacements and refunds.

As California consumer lawyers, the members of the firm believe that every consumer is entitled to safe and reliable transportation, fair credit, truth in lending, access to the courts and freedom from fraud. All clients have the opportunity to learn more about consumer protection in ways that increase consumer literacy and save money, as well as resolve the particular case at hand.

March 9, 2010

Used Car History At Your Fingertips

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Car buyers in the market for a used car now have a powerful tool to protect against dealer fraud, title washing, sale of rebuilt wrecks and other deceptive practices. The National Motor Vehicle Titling Information System (NMVTIS), a nation-wide database of used vehicle history is up and running. Consumer advocates have fought for many years to establish such a national public database for used cars and trucks. The car industry fought back and successfully stalled the implementation of this important mandate for a long time. But the waiting is over.

Rosemary Shahan, the executive director of Consumers for Auto Reliability and Safety and a tireless advocate for California drivers, emphasizes, "For used car buyers, this is the most valuable information, at the lowest price. Consumers should check this database first, then if they want more info, check Carfax and Experian. And of course ALWAYS get a vehicle thoroughly inspected by a trusted auto tech / body shop BEFORE agreeing to buy it."

Beginning in January 2010, every state now contributes to this valuable internet resource. Shahan is optimistic when she says, "Keep in mind that the national database has been receiving reports from over 8,000 insurers and junkyards, from all 50 states, and the data has to be updated every 30 days." The NMVTIS website itself cautions that it is only as good as its various sources, warning that there may be some variation in state reporting requirements. Although not foolproof, NMVTIS is an important step toward highway safety.

April 26, 2007

Prior Daily Rental Cars: Rip-Off on Resale

Hertz, Avis, Budget, Thrifty, Dollar and Enterprise are all household names for daily rental cars. The ease and convenience of pay-per-day driving is a blessing to the traveler, whether on business or for pleasure. On the other hand, we've all returned from a trip saying, "Nice place to visit, but I wouldn't want to live there." The same can be said of rental cars.

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Despite what the car companies say, daily rental drivers just don’t treat those cars and trucks like their own. All too many otherwise responsible people don’t bother about running up over a curb, leaving gum in the cupholder, slamming on the brakes or stripping the gears. Day after day, someone unfamiliar with the vehicle is at the controls. Innumerable poor driving incidents will go unnoticed at the end of the day. We even heard about one fellow who drove off with the gas pump nozzle still connected to the fuel tank, ripping the fuel cap hinge off in the process. Although possibly invisible on return to Hertz or Avis, these small defects add up over the short eventful life of a Prior Daily Rental. And that’s not all. A predictably large percentage of PDRs (as Prior Daily Rentals are known in the trade) come out of service in two states: Florida and Hawaii. These two locales are great for a holiday, but the environment is tough on any car or truck. Rust and corrosion are common problems with Prior Daily Rentals. Most troublesome is the fact that many rental cars and trucks are in serious accidents involving body and frame damage that diminish the safety and overall life of the vehicle.

Did you ever stop to think what happens to all of those prior daily rental cars? After somewhere between 15,000 and 30,000 miles on the odometer, they are taken out of fleet service and shipped throughout the 50 states. They then re-enter the marketplace in a wide variety of used car markets. Some are resold at dealer-only auctions.

Consumer protection laws in California require that Prior Daily Rentals must be disclosed as such. It is a clear violation of law to knowingly fail to disclose a vehicle’s history as a PDR. Why? The public policy behind the law is clear: the fact is important to the decision to buy or not to buy a particular car or truck, and certainly material to the price someone would pay. Some experts say the difference in value is 20-25% -- but many consumers say they would not buy a PDR at any price. The risk of frame damage, invisible rust or corrosion, and just plain poor driving habits day-in and day-out over the vehicle history are deterrents about which most used car buyers really want to know. The failure to make the disclosure required by law at the time of sale is deceptive; and when a single dealer makes a pattern of this concealment, that can be a deceptive business practice.

Unfortunately, cars often change hands only to have the title sent later in the mail, or even worse, sent only to the bank as lienholder. Used car buyers should protect themselves against these deceptive practices by ordering a CarFax report when they buy a used car.Whether we handle a PDR non-disclosure case as an individual matter or a class action, a CarFax report is one step in our investigation.

If you bought a low-mileage used car that seems to suffer from a high level of driveability or suspension problems, rust or corrosion, small dents and dings – not to mention that dangling fuel cap hinge – give us a call.

April 10, 2007

Test Drive the Car Financing


Car dealers sell you two separate things whenever you buy a car or truck, unless you pay cash for the full purchase price. They sell you (1) the vehicle itself and (2) the means to pay for it. You probably test drove the car. But did you “test drive” the financing? If you merely looked at the monthly payment, it is as though you kicked the tires, but failed to look under the hood.


It is important to remember that you pay one amount for the “wheels and steel” and you pay another amount for the lease or loan. Unless you pay cash, each of these items is a separate profit center for the seller. Many consumers who come to see us are surprised to learn that, just as the cash price of the vehicle is negotiable, so are terms of the financing.


It’s a good idea to take a calculator and scribble pad to make your own notes. That way you have your own record of what was said. If you were responding to an ad, keep a copy of that ad. Once you decide on a car, have the terms of the window sticker right at hand. Decide before you go whether you want to lease or buy, and the total you want to pay over a set period of time. When you are in the midst of deciding between black or tan interior, you may not notice a bait and switch.

You might deal with the salesman on the lot and the “F&I guy” (finance & insurance) in the office. The F&I guy loves to speak in terms of “win-win” situations. That’s when things can start to get slippery. Here’s a checklist to help you “test drive” the financing:


1) Is your credit application accurate? Never sign it in blank.

2) Is the contract labeled Lease or Retail Installment Sales Contract (loan)?

3) What is the cash price of the vehicle?
How is that different from the total amount you will pay?

4) What was the highest and lowest interest spread the bank is willing to offer?

5) If there is a rebate, where is that stated on the contract?

6) Does the contract list the add-ons and accessories you are paying for?

Are these all things you wanted, at the price you negotiated to pay?
In a lease, these should be in a box labeled “Itemization of Gross Capitalized Cost”

7) If you have a trade-in, are you being given a credit or being charged a negative?

And how much? Is that what you negotiated?

8) Cross out any mandatory arbitration clause in the contract.

If it is a “take-it-or- leave-it” requirement, note that in writing or walk away.

9) Calculate not just the monthly payments, but the number of months.

Look at the total figure you are agreeing to pay.
Do you know enough about your job, family and future finances
to know you can still pay that monthly amount at the end of the term?

10) Is the VIN on the contract the same as the VIN on the car you actually test drove?


March 22, 2007

Autowest Dodge Auto Lease Fraud Class Action Certified in San Francisco

A class action against Autowest Dodge and its parent AutoNation was certified as a class action last week in San Francisco Superior Court. We are the attorneys representing the class. The case involves the failure of the dealer to disclose the itemization of capitalized cost in the precise manner required by law. The class also claims the dealer altered the leases after the consumer signed it and left the dealership.

The unauthorized alteration of documents after they are signed is a kind of forgery. Leases are filled out at the dealership in triplicate, or even quadruplicate. The consumer of course thinks the forms are identical. What a shock it is for consumers to discover the bank got more information that they did.

Some consumers did not keep their leases or cannot find them to compare the documents to those produced by the dealer and/or the bank. While this case can be proved otherwise, consumers are well advised to keep all such documents as a routine matter, even after the lease has expired.